Why do we not hear what we are telling?

Sometimes we do not perceive the information at all – we literally do not hear what we are told. This is how perceptual psychological protection works: it blocks signals that threaten our picture of the world and perception of oneself. But how the information is “filtered” – after all, it does not fall into consciousness?

Studies in the exact sciences are based, as a rule, on numerous experiments with the reproduction of the same conditions and the subsequent statistical analysis of the results. Psychology is a humanitarian science, but it also characterizes the desire to comply with scientific principles. Meanwhile, the largest discoveries in psychology were most often made on the basis of specific individual observations.

I will talk about one random observation that does not claim to be a great discovery, but allowed me to give an alleged explanation to the phenomenon of the so -called perceptual psychological protection. Psychological protection is a mechanism that allows a person not to realize the information threatening his holistic view of himself. This is the protection from the fear that destroys the behavior. At the same time, psychological defense does not save from internal conflicts unfolding in the subconscious.

One of the most famous mechanisms of such protection is the displacement of motives unacceptable for it. These motives and information provoking them are not included in “I-concept” – a conscious idea of a person about himself, associated with the function of the left frontal lobe of the brain. But this does not mean that all this information is not perceived at all by the brain. On the contrary, like any other information, it enters the right hemisphere of the brain and is

To samozrejme neznamená, že vy a všetci ostatní si zaslúžili trest za to, že ste vyhodili jogu a kúpili si robustný záliv kordonu. Iba ak už viagra pre zeny BDSM, existuje vedecky založený dôvod na milovanie tohto typu sexu. A ak chcete vyskúšať – tento konkrétny stav môže znížiť neobvyklú bolesť. Všeobecne platí, že kompetentný odkaz môže byť užitočný!

perceived and evaluated “I-image”, forming in the right frontal lobe.

“I-image”, unlike the “I-concept”, is not amenable to awareness in full, But not because it is replaced by consciousness (it includes the “I-concept” as a private component), but because it is meaningful and includes too much of a person’s relations with the world and with other people. Some of these connections and relationships can be mutually exclusive from the point of view of logic and encourage opposite acts, and their simultaneous awareness, inclusion in the “I-concept” would lead to the collapse of ordered behavior that can be logical analysis, and to inconsistent actions that deny each other. Therefore, that which does not correspond to the “self-concept” as a conscious idea of a person about himself, about his values and motives, is supplanted from consciousness. These motives can be integrated in the “I-image” with conscious behavior intentions. This integration occurs using figurative thinking, which is multi -digit in nature. Such integration characterizes people with a high level of figurative thinking and provides a holistic “self-image” and harmonious behavior.

But figurative multi -valued thinking is not well developed well. And then the motives unacceptable for consciousness and the information that causes them simply remain supplanted into the subconscious. At the same time, they strive to realize themselves in behavior, literally break into consciousness and are constantly unconsciously suppressed, which creates discomfort, felt as emotional stress, vague anxiety. This anxiety can be weakened with the help of secondary protection mechanisms, such as rationalization, which give anxiety an artificial explanation and allow you to try to reduce it. For example, anxiety can be perceived as caused by some imaginary dangers-and a person enters with them in the struggle. Or it causes a feeling of physical ill health – and a person begins to complain about his somatic state, makes hypochondriacal complaints and seeks medical assistance. The basis is the crowding out of unacceptable motives.

But the crowding out of the already perceived information is not the only form of protection. Another psychological defense is Perceptual denial, when what can lead to an internal conflict is simply not perceived – does not enter the brain at all and is blocked at the level of the sensory system.

This mechanism looks strange and paradoxical. How is it in principle possible? How to prevent the perception of unacceptable information, that is, to select it Even before her perception? It is not surprising that some authors do not distinguish perceptual protection and crowding out. But one case from my personal experience clarified a lot to me.

My good friend complained to me that the boil jumped out on his cheek, showed it to me and asked with anxiety if it was dangerous. I knew that he was very worried about his health and easily panic at the slightest threat of poor health. First of all, it was necessary to reassure him. I said that such boils pop up on the skin often, it does not threaten anything, you just need to grease it with iodine. He knew that I always knew how to calm him down, so he turned to me.

But the witness of our dialogue accidentally turned out to be nearby, he intervened in the conversation and said: “In vain you are so frivolous about this. Sometimes such cases end tragically. In one of my friends, such a pimple caused an inflammatory process, blood inflammation began, and everything ended with inflammation of the brain, and he died. “. I gasped inwardly, imagining how my friend will be scared. But I did not know what to say, and from confusion rattled: “So he died right away …”

To my surprise and joy, my acquaintance looked at me in bewilderment and asked me in surprise, but without signs of anxiety: “What did you suddenly mention death? Did someone talk about death?”It was amazing: he simply did not hear everything that our random careless interlocutor told, although he spoke loudly and confidently. It was impossible to explain this aiming lack of perception except perceptual protection – be it crowding out, we could expect an increase in emotional stress. And then I realized how this protection works in this and in any other case.

The very first words, uttered in our conversation, did not yet contain any specific threat, but had to alert a person with high sensitivity. Since the proposal to not pay attention to the boil is frivolous, it means that the boil is dangerous, and terrible messages may follow. And therefore, everything said further by this uninvited commentator was simply not perceived: the touch channel closed in response to a warning signal. And he no longer opened until the narrator was silent. And immediately after him I spoke. My acquaintance did not expect me to hear anything bad from me, because it was not for nothing that he turned to me with his fears. He was ready to hear me. And suddenly I said something about death. It was impossible to predict, perceptual protection did not work, and my words only caused bewilderment. The defense did not work precisely because it was not a crowding out: The mention of death was not included in the context of everything previously perceived, and threatening information was not in the subconscious. Perceptual protection reacts to a non -traumatic, but only warning information that, based on the general past experience, can provide probabilistic forecasting.

But from here all the restrictions on this protection. It will not work if there are no such warning signals. And vice versa, a signal that is not related to danger can be accepted for a warning man, and then a person may lose his important for further behavior, but not traumatic and unacceptable information.






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